Wetlands are seasonally or permanently flooded vegetated areas and would once have been more numerous and extensive.
Mosaics of well-managed wetland habitats are essential for the long-term survival of some of our most special wildlife, particularly plants and invertebrates. Wetlands also bring multiple benefits beyond their intrinsic nature conservation value such as buffering against flood events, diffuse pollution control and aquifer recharge, improvements to landscape quality, as well as tourism and recreational benefits.
Climate change models suggest that rainfall in the autumn months will increase. This may lead to an increase in flash flooding.
There is now a greater need than ever for a sustainable approach to flood management using natural river processes and riparian woodland management to help reduce the impacts of flood events.